Biography and great movies 50,60s great actor..Gene Kelly

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Gene Kelly, in full Eugene Curran Kelly, (born August 23, 1912, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.—died February 2, 1996, Beverly Hills, California), American dancer, actor, choreographer, and motion-picture director whose athletic style of dancing, combined with classical ballet technique, transformed the movie musical and did much to change the American public’s conception of male dancers.

One of five children born to a record company sales executive and a former actress, Kelly dreamed of becoming a professional athlete but was redirected into dancing by his mother. He studied ballet and other dance forms. Kelly majored in journalism at Pennsylvania State College (now University) and economics at the University of Pittsburgh (A.B., 1933), but the allure of performing proved too strong to resist. He toured in vaudeville with his brother Fred (later a prolific stage and television director), and for several years he ran a successful dancing school in Pittsburgh.

In 1938 he moved to New York City and won a role as a chorus member in Cole Porter’s Leave It to Me, figuring prominently in star Mary Martin’s showstopping number “My Heart Belongs to Daddy.” The following year he was cast in the flashy role of Harry the Hoofer in William Saroyan’s Pulitzer Prize-winning play The Time of Your Life, and in 1940 he achieved stardom with his likeable interpretation of the raffish protagonist in the Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart musical drama Pal Joey. On seeing the play, film producer David O. Selznick offered Kelly a Hollywood contract, and Kelly accepted, doing so because Selznick did not require a screen test of him. Before leaving New York in 1941, Kelly choreographed the hit musical Best Foot Forward (1941).

 

Films Of The 1950s

 

Kelly surpassed that triumph two years later with the Academy Award-winning An American in Paris (1951). Climaxed by a spectacular 13-minute ballet that incorporated visual motifs of French Post-Impressionism, the film was singled out by critics and filmgoers alike as Kelly’s masterpiece. Since the mid-1970s, however, its reputation has been eclipsed by Singin’ in the Rain (1952), a witty and upbeat spoof of Hollywood during the talkie revolution. With its perfectly balanced mixture of singing, dancing, comedy, and romance, Singin’ in the Rain is now widely regarded as the greatest film musical ever made. His next released musical, Brigadoon (1954), directed by Vincente Minnelli and based on the Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Loewe Broadway hit, was not a critical or commercial success. Kelly’s decision to drop Agnes de Mille’s stage choreography for new staging of his own designed for the wide-screen Cinemascope format proved particularly controversial.

 

Kelly subsequently codirected with Donen and starred in It’s Always Fair Weather (1955), a loose follow-up to On the Town, which showcased Kelly’s creative choreography for Cinemascope. Equally praiseworthy (though a flop with the public) was his first solo directorial effort, the wordless concert feature Invitation to the Dance (filmed in 1952, released in 1956). But as the 1950s wore on, the movie musical genre fell victim to mounting production costs and diminishing box-office returns. Consequently, Kelly’s film career lost much of its momentum, though he made several credible dramatic appearances in such films as Crest of the Wave (1954).

Films Of The 1960s

After turning in a fine dramatic performance in Inherit the Wind (1960), Kelly directed Gigot (1962), a heart-tugging story filmed in Paris and starring Jackie Gleason as a mute man who takes a waif under his wing. Kelly also directed the comedy A Guide for the Married Man (1967), which starred Walter Matthau as the title character being tutored on how to efficiently cheat on his wife. That same year Kelly returned to France to play an American piano player in Jacques Demy’s tribute to Hollywood musicals Les Demoiselles de Rochefort (1967; The Young Girls of Rochefort).

Hello, Dolly! (1969) was Kelly’s adaptation of the Broadway hit starring Barbra Streisand, Matthau, and Louis Armstrong. The western comedy The Cheyenne Social Club (1970) starred Henry Fonda and James Stewart as two cowboys who unwittingly inherit management of a brothel. Kelly’s final directing credit was as codirector (with Jack Haley, Jr.) of That’s Entertainment, Part 2 (1976), the follow-up to the 1974 original’s compilation of highlights from MGM musicals. He hosted the film with onetime costar Astaire.

 

15.The Cross of Lorraine

Gene Kelly, Jean-Pierre Aumont

Released: 1943

Directed by: Tay Garnett

The Cross of Lorraine is a 1943 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer war film about French prisoners of war escaping a German prison camp and joining the French Resistance. Directed by Tay Garnett, it..

14.It’s Always Fair Weather

Gene Kelly, Cyd Charisse

Released: 1955

Directed by: Stanley Donen, Gene Kelly

It’s Always Fair Weather is a 1955 MGM musical satire scripted by Betty Comden and Adolph Green, who also wrote the show’s lyrics, with music by André Previn and starring Gene Kelly, Dan..

13.For Me and My Gal

Judy Garland, Gene Kelly

Released: 1942

Directed by: Busby Berkeley

For Me and My Gal is a 1942 American musical film directed by Busby Berkeley and starring Judy Garland, Gene Kelly – in his screen debut – and George Murphy, and featuring Martha..

12.Anchors Aweigh

Frank Sinatra, Gene Kelly

Released: 1945

Directed by: George Sidney

Anchors Aweigh is a 1945 American Technicolor musical comedy film directed by George Sidney and starring Frank Sinatra, Kathryn Grayson, and Gene Kelly, in which two sailors go on a..

11.What a Way to Go!

Paul Newman, Shirley MacLaine

Released: 1964

Directed by: J. Lee Thompson

What a Way to Go! is a 1964 American black comedy directed by J. Lee Thompson and starring Shirley MacLaine, Paul Newman, Robert Mitchum, Dean Martin, Gene Kelly, Bob Cummings and..

10.Thousands Cheer

Judy Garland, Gene Kelly

Released: 1943

Directed by: George Sidney

Thousands Cheer is a 1943 American comedy musical film released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Produced at the height of the Second World War, the film was intended as a morale booster for..

9.The Young Girls of Rochefort

Catherine Deneuve, Gene Kelly

Released: 1967

Directed by: Jacques Demy

The Young Girls of Rochefort is a 1967 French musical film written and directed by Jacques Demy, starring Catherine Deneuve, her sister Françoise Dorléac, Jacques Perrin, Michel Piccoli..

8.Summer Stock

Judy Garland, Gene Kelly

Released: 1950

Directed by: Charles Walters

Summer Stock, known as If You Feel Like Singing in the UK, is a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer musical made in 1950. The film was directed by Charles Walters and stars Judy Garland and Gene Kelly..

7.Words and Music

Judy Garland, Mickey Rooney

Released: 1948

Directed by: Norman Taurog

Words and Music is a 1948 film loosely based on the creative partnership of the composer Richard Rodgers and lyricist Lorenz Hart. The film stars Mickey Rooney as Hart and Tom Drake..

6.Ziegfeld Follies

Judy Garland, Lucille Ball

Released: 1945

Directed by: Vincente Minnelli, George Sidney, Roy Del Ruth, Lemuel Ayers, Merrill Pye

Ziegfeld Follies is a 1946 Hollywood musical comedy film released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and directed by Lemuel Ayers, Roy Del Ruth, Robert Lewis, Vincente Minnelli, Merrill Pye, George..

5.On the Town

Frank Sinatra, Gene Kelly

Released: 1949

Directed by: Stanley Donen, Gene Kelly

On the Town is a 1949 musical film with music by Leonard Bernstein and Roger Edens and book and lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green. It is an adaptation of the Broadway stage..

4.An American in Paris

Gene Kelly, Leslie Caron

Released: 1951

Directed by: Vincente Minnelli

An American in Paris is a 1951 American musical film inspired by the 1928 orchestral composition by George Gershwin. Starring Gene Kelly, Leslie Caron, Oscar Levant, Georges..

3.Cover Girl

Rita Hayworth, Gene Kelly

Released: 1944

Directed by: Charles Vidor

Cover Girl is a 1944 American Technicolor musical film starring Rita Hayworth and Gene Kelly. The film tells the story of a chorus girl given a chance at stardom when she is offered an..

2.The Pirate

Judy Garland, Gene Kelly

Released: 1948

Directed by: Vincente Minnelli

The Pirate is a 1948 American Technicolor musical feature film from Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. With songs by Cole Porter, it stars Judy Garland and Gene Kelly with co-stars Walter Slezak..

1.Singin’ in the Rain

Debbie Reynolds, Gene Kelly

Released: 1952

Directed by: Stanley Donen, Gene Kelly

Singin’ in the Rain is a 1952 American musical comedy film directed by Gene Kelly and Stanley Donen, starring Kelly, Donald O’Connor and Debbie Reynolds, and choreographed by Kelly and..
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